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Comparative Study of Sensitivity, Linearity, and Resistance to Inhibition of Digital and Nondigital Polymerase Chain Reaction and Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assays for Quantification of Human Cytomegalovirus

Anal. Chem., 2014, 86 (9), pp 4387–4394
Gavin Nixon, Jeremy A Garson, Paul Grant, Eleni Nastouli, Carole A. Foy, Jim F. Huggett
Published March 2014
DOI:10.1021/ac500208w
Link to publication: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac500208w

Abstract
Performing nucleic acid amplification techniques (NAATs) in digital format using limiting dilution provides potential advantages that have recently been demonstrated with digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR). Key benefits that have been claimed are the ability to quantify nucleic acids without the need of an external calibrator and a greater resistance to inhibitors than real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). In this study, we evaluated the performance of four NAATs, qPCR, dPCR, real-time quantitative loop mediated isothermal amplification (qLAMP), and digital LAMP (dLAMP), for the detection and quantification of human cytomegalovirus (hCMV). We used various DNA templates and inhibitors to compare the performance of these methods using a conventional real-time thermocycler platform (Bio-Rad CFX96) and a chip based digital platform (Fluidigm Biomark 12.765 Digital Array). dPCR performed well and demonstrated greater resistance to inhibitors than the other methods although this resistance did not apply equally to all inhibitors tested. dLAMP was found to be less sensitive than dPCR, but its quantitative performance was better than qLAMP, the latter being unable to quantify below 1000 copies. dLAMP was also more resistant to inhibitors than qLAMP. Unlike qPCR, both digital methods were able to quantify viral genomes without requiring a calibrator; however, neither can currently compete with the large reaction volumes, and thus the greater absolute sensitivity, of qPCR. With the introduction of digital instrumentation that will enable larger reaction volumes, digital amplification methods such as those evaluated in this study could potentially offer a robust alternative to qPCR for nucleic acid quantification.

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